What Was The Compromise Agreement That Resolved The Investiture Controversy In 1122

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The inauguration controversy began as a power struggle between Pope Gregory VII (1072-1085) and Emperor Henry V (1056-1106). Between 1103 and 1107, Henry I of England and Pope Paschalis II also argued over the brief but important inauguration, and the subject also played a minor role in the struggles between church and state in France. The London Concordant, concluded in 1107, was the precursor to a compromise that was later taken up in the Worms Concorda. In England as in Germany, the king`s chancellery began to distinguish between the secular and ecclesiastical forces of the prelates. Henry I of England bent to political reality, renouncing his right to invest his bishops and abbots, reserving the custom of requiring them to swear directly with his hand the “temporities” (the property related to the episcopate) after the bishop renders in the Laudatio (commendatio) the tribute to the “temporities” (attached to the episcopate) , after the bishop swore in the Laudatio (commendatio) the homage to “temporalities” (the goods related to the episcopate) , after the bishop swore in the Laudatio (commendatio) tributes to the forged vases (attached to the episcopate), after the bishop had sworn in the Laudatio the feudal tribute and Vassalage. The vassalage system was not divided, as in France, between the great local lords of England, since the king had control by the right to conquer. Clashes between the popes and emperors of the Holy Roman Empire continued until northern Italy was completely lost in the name of the Empire after the Guelph and Ghibelline wars. Emperor Otto IV marched on Rome and ordered Pope Innocent III to cancel the Worms Concord and recognize the right of the imperial crown to name all vacant benefactors. [30] The Church crossed the Holy Roman Empire under Frederick II. As the historian Norman Cantor put it, the controversy broke “the balance of the early Middle Ages and put an end to the penetration of churches and Mundus.” Indeed, the medieval emperors, who were “largely the creation of ecclesiastical ideals and personal means”, were forced to develop a secular bureaucratic state whose essential elements persist in the Anglo-Norman monarchy. [31] Because of these combination factors, Henry IV had no choice but to restrain himself and needed time to parade his troops to fight the rebellion. In 1077, he went to Canossa, in northern Italy, where the pope was at Countess Matilda`s castle to apologize personally.

[12] The pope was suspicious of Henry`s motives and did not believe that he was truly repentant. [Citation required] As a gesture of repentance for his sins and drawing inspiration from his own punishment to the Saxons after the first battle of Langensalza, he wore a hairdryer and stood barefoot in the snow on the so-called Walk to Canossa. Gregor lifted the excommunication, but the German aristocrats, whose rebellion is known as the Great Saxony Revolt, were not ready to give up their chance and chose a rival king, Rudolf von Rheinfeld.